Abstract: Emerging drone technologies have the potential to revolutionise ecological monitoring. The rapid technological advances in recent years have dramatically increased affordability and ease of use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and associated sensors. Compact multispectral sensors, such as the Parrot Sequoia (Paris, France) and MicaSense RedEdge (Seattle WA, USA) capture spectrally accurate high-resolution (fine grain) imagery in visible and near-infrared parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, providing supplement to satellite and aircraft-based imagery. Observations of surface reflectance can be used to calculate vegetation indices such as the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for productivity estimates and vegetation classification. Despite the advances in technology, challenges remain in capturing consistently high-quality data, particularly when operating in extreme environments such as the high latitudes. Here, we summarize three years of ecological monitoring with drone-based multispectral sensors in the remote Canadian Arctic. We discuss challenges, technical aspects and practical considerations, and highlight best practices that emerged from our experience, including: flight planning, factoring in weather conditions, and geolocation and radiometric calibration. We propose a standardised methodology based on established principles from remote sensing and our collective field experiences, using the Parrot Sequoia sensor as an example. With these good practises, multispectral sensors can provide meaningful spatial data that is reproducible and comparable across space and time.
Authors: Assmann, Jakob & Kerby, Jeffrey & Cunliffe, Andrew & Myers-Smith, Isla.
Associations: Dartmouth College, University of Exeter, The University of Edinburgh, Aarhus University